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Marines modern urban combat.Pivoting to China, Marine Corps Scraps Urban Warfare Research Project


Marines modern urban combat.Marines: Modern Urban Combat


2 Comments.Marines: Modern Urban Combat (Game) – Giant Bomb


Jan 26,  · In Marines: Modern Urban Combat, Wii players are finally on Point. Take command of a 4-man Marine fire team through intense urban combat in this first-person shooter created with the help of more than 40 US Marines, but be ready for the most intense, realistic military . Marine Corps Combat Development Command DISTRIBUTION: 00 Modern Urban Battle Analysis and Observations Implications of Urban Warfare 1- 20 Key Insights 1 . Oct 13,  · Similarly, the Marine Corps is in the midst of a top-to-bottom evolution to match the modern Chinese threat. That effort is pivoting the Marines back to their bread-and-butter combat mission — littoral warfare. The Marine Corps Warfighting Laboratory executed Project Metropolis II, a Dense Urban Operations limited operational experiment, in.


Marines modern urban combat.Marines- Modern Urban Combat Rom download free for Nintendo Wii (USA)

10 rows · Jan 26,  · In Marines: Modern Urban Combat, Wii players are finally on Point. Take command of a 4-man. Description This is the Marines: Modern Urban Combat Nintendo WII Game guaranteed to work like new and backed by the Lukie Games day no questions asked returns policy!Brand: Nintendo. Marines Modern Urban Combat is rated out of 5 by 7. Rated 1 out of 5 by FightinDirty from It’s a great concept, poor delivery, dissapointing It’s a great concept, except poor delivery. It’s disappointing. I wish they’d make another one, take their time, and make it a lot better, in the middle east, and release it on XBox next time.
Marines: Modern Urban Combat
Nolan Peterson
Marines: Modern Urban Combat Nintendo Wii Game – Gandorion Games
Marines: Modern Urban Combat ROM FREE | WII | RomsGet

John Spencer The operation was the largest conventional land battle since the attack on Baghdad during the US-led invasion in and one of the most destructive urban fights in modern history involving Western forces. The battle saw a force of over one hundred thousand attacking somewhere between five and twelve thousand enemy fighters defending the city. The nine-month battle is reported to have killed over ten thousand civilians, caused an estimated two billion dollars in damage to the city, created ten million tons of debris, and displaced over 1.

This type of high-cost, high-risk operation—the city attack—will continue to increase in frequency unless the rules of modern urban warfare are addressed in a deliberate manner. In other words, the limitations characterizing the conduct of urban warfare must be overcome.

Modern urban warfare can entail many types of missions along the spectrum of military operations. If one were to develop a scale of urban conflict, on one extreme end would be total war. This is when two combatants, possibly near-peer militaries, wage war in urban terrain with little regard for any humanitarian laws of war or concerns about collateral damage.

In total war, tactical nuclear weapons and the complete destruction of cities through aerial bombardment are both possibilities. Sliding along the scale, next would come major city attacks during limited, non-nuclear conflict, where at least one combatant follows international humanitarian law and seeks to minimize the impact of the battle on protected populations and sites.

This is where the Mosul battle falls on the spectrum. After that would be major urban operations with limited objectives like regime change or eliminating an enemy capability coming from within an urban area, such as short-range rockets or cross-border tunneling operations.

Next, would be counterinsurgency operations in urban environments where a major component of the mission is to separate a small insurgent or enemy force from the rest of the population that could number in the millions. Next would be very specific counterterrorist operations in urban areas.

These usually involve intelligence-driven raids requiring speed, surprise, and highly specialized military units. The scale could continue into humanitarian assistance and disaster relief, either as defense support to civil authorities domestically or as part of broader stability and security operations in cities around the world.

Each potential urban operation varies greatly from the others in terms of the political objective, military mission, constraints on military force, time, enemy, and especially environment. With respect to this last variable, urban environments can be extremely dense or relatively spread out. They can also vary greatly from permissive to nonpermissive. A permissive environment is one where host-nation security forces have control of the area, as well as the intent and capability to assist during military operations.

A nonpermissive or hostile environment is one where the host government does not have the will or ability to help in a military operation, or lacks control of the territory or population.

A military must approach a hostile urban environment with the assumption that threats can come from any direction or domain to include from underground. The city attack is a very specific type of military operation—although the phrase is not US military terminology.

Such a planned operation would be doctrinally classified as a deliberate attack with one of five distinct forms of maneuver, such as penetration or envelopment. In simple terms, a city attack is a mission to either kill or capture all hostile forces an enemy-based mission in a city or to seize, secure, recapture, or liberate a terrain-based mission a city or portion of a city when the enemy is using it as a defensive zone.

The city attack operation usually requires a penetration of enemy defenses. Recent historical examples of city attacks in limited warfare where an attacking force attempted to kill the defenders or seize the city include:.

Military operations against enemy-held cities have become increasingly frequent. In the last eight years, there have been twelve distinct major urban battles involving city attacks. These have occurred in the ongoing civil war in Syria; against the Islamic State in Iraq, Syria, and the Philippines; and between government and Russian-backed separatist forces in eastern Ukraine. Among the most recent examples are:. All military operations contain risk and there are many types of risks incurred in warfare.

Tactical risks, for instance, relate to the possibility of injury or death of soldiers or failure to accomplish the mission. Accidental risks include such things as the potential for the deaths of civilians or destruction of critical urban infrastructure.

There are also broader risks in military operations, like the risk of losing the political will be it domestic, regional, or international to continue the pursuit of the military objective of liberating a city from enemy forces. Urban environments compound risks unlike any other due to the complexity of the physical terrain, the presence of civilians, and the ecosystems of political, economic, and social networks that define urban areas. Urban warfare is also the most difficult form of warfare.

There are disproportionate levels of political, tactical, and accidental risk in attempting to liberate a city from a defending force. Moreover, the US military does not have a guidebook for attacking a defended city. There are only a few mentions of it in doctrine. One of the few examples—US Army Field Manual , Reconnaissance, Security, and Tactical Enabling Tasks, Volume 2 —contains five pages on large-scale offensive encirclement operations, yet this has historically been just one major component of setting the conditions for a city attack.

Those phases are to reconnoiter the objective, move to the objective, isolate the objective, secure a foothold, suppress the objective, execute a breach, clear the objective, consolidate and reorganize, and prepare for future operations. Some will argue that the absence of instructions on how to conduct a city attack is because doctrine is not meant to be descriptive.

They might say this despite the presence of operation-specific doctrine like the counterinsurgency operations manual for which an abundance of work done in the s to update and produce.

They will also argue that the principles, characteristics, or general considerations for any deliberate attack will apply to a city attack just as it would in open terrain. To be sure, many of those principles and considerations do apply to all environments but the requirements of conducting a deliberate attack in a city are worlds apart from doing the same operation in wooded terrain. Another justification for the lack of a single, doctrinal guide to the city attack mission is that much of the knowledge is spread out across many different manuals.

The city attack is a large-scale combat operation requiring a full suite of combined arms and enabling capabilities—tanks; infantry; artillery; attack aviation; intelligence, surveillance, reconnaissance; and more—which are necessarily covered in their own doctrinal publications. It can also include multiple separate events that are similarly discussed in a variety of manuals—combined arms breaches in Army Techniques Publication ATP Despite the lack of a comprehensive guide to conduct a city attack against a defending enemy, there is a discernible set of conditions that have remained constant across modern history.

These conditions could be considered the rules of the game for a city attack. Countless duels go to make up war, but a picture of it as a whole can be formed by imagining a pair of wrestlers. Each tries through physical force to compel the other to do his will; his immediate aim is to throw his opponent in order to make him incapable of further resistance. Modern urban warfare resembles more a mixed martial arts fight than either the game of cards or wrestling Clausewitz chose for his analogies.

But warfare and games are bound by a set of rules that both players agree to consciously or unconsciously follow. In war, these rules are not just normative or legal ones governing the conduct of military operations; they can also be imposed by the limits of human performance or weapons technology or by the evolutionary progress of strategies and tactics of the time. Throughout history, militaries and societies have changed the rules of the game with new organizational models, tactics, technologies, and weapons.

When these changes are sufficiently transformational, military scholars call them revolutions in military affairs RMAs. Arguably one of the most relevant modern military revolutions, besides the invention of nuclear weapons, was the incorporation of battlefield lessons learned, new technologies, and combined arms breakthrough tactics by the German military from World War I through World War II.

By joining the tank, radio, airplane, artillery, and rapid breakthrough tactics, the German military made the positional tactics of trench warfare of World War I much less of an advantage to defending militaries. The German military, in essence, changed the rules. Urban warfare has its own rules. In large-scale combat operations to liberate an enemy city today, those are rules that most if not all militaries have allowed to remain in place since World War II.

These rules give great advantages to a defending force and make it an attractive option for militaries, insurgents, and terrorists who are weaker than their opponents. Until these game rules are changed through a major change in tactics, technology, or weapons , the tendency of comparatively weaker actors seeking refuge and advantage in cities—and the damage caused in their liberation—will only continue.

This rule is first among equals. Military theorists have long recognized that the defense is the stronger tactical position. It takes much more force to attack and defeat an enemy that is in an established and properly constructed defense than one in the open. This is even more so in urban terrain where many of the physical structures offer immediate military-quality defensive positions for the defender.

But the defense is also recognized as a weaker position that a combatant is compelled to execute because it is not strong enough to offensively attack the other side. The defense is meant to hold terrain or preserve forces. As long as the defense provides a weaker force measurable advantages to get to a piece of terrain first and then establish a defense, it will do so. The degree of advantage held by the defense has ebbed and flowed across history, however.

For much of ancient history and up until to the nineteenth century, defending from behind walls—whether in cities, castles, or purpose-built star-shaped fortresses—provided massive advantages. The defenders could stockpile resources inside the walls and wait out the siege force or establish killing fields in which attacking troops could be targeted from atop the walls.

But the evolution of advanced siege tactics, gunpowder, and ultimately rifled artillery caused the strategy of defending from behind walls to all but disappear from war. In World War I, the positional character of warfare across Europe led combatants to adopt a strategy of moving forward of valuable terrain, including vital urban areas, to establish trench lines and killing fields covered by machine guns and artillery.

Attackers had to cross these killing fields to gain terrain. With the evolution of maneuver warfare and new technologies such as the tank, airplane, and improved military communications, the advantages of occupying a trench-line defense were substantially negated and was seen less.

Today, the advantages provided to a weaker force to occupy urban terrain are great. A weaker enemy can use the physical terrain for concealment and cover both to fight from e. Defending forces can also hide among the protected populations and structures outlined by the laws of armed conflict. In short, they can reduce the effectiveness of a substantial portion of present-day military technologies and tactics.

Until military tactics or technologies change to make an urban defense less advantageous to an armed force despite its objective comparative weakness, it will remain a dominant feature of the character of modern warfare. While the complex physical terrain of urban areas does not negate all technological advantages of an advanced military conducting a city attack, it does reduce the effectiveness of intelligence, surveillance, reconnaissance ISR , aerial assets, and engage-at-distance capabilities.

Modern militaries invest large portions of their budgets developing technologies to find and destroy other military forces as far away from their own troops as possible. They value technologies such as satellite and aerial reconnaissance tools, precision-guided munitions, and long-range artillery. But in dense urban terrain, many of the advantages of these and other tools developed principally for maneuver warfare in open terrain are much less effective.

For instance, in major battles in Syria and Iraq, Islamic State fighters recognized the threat of military ISR even deep inside besieged cities. As a countermeasure, they hung sheets, plastic, and other items between rooftops to allow them to move from building to building without the fear of being seen by most military aerial assets.

Multi-million dollar satellites were blinded with trash strung across rooftops. There are some technologies being advanced that would reduce the concealment advantage of an urban defender—thermal and other imagery tools, for example—but they all have limitations such as depth of penetration, visibility, scale, and costs.

The defender can see and engage the attacker coming, because the attacker has limited cover and concealment. In a modern-day city attack, the biggest tactical advantage for the defending force is that it can remain hidden inside and under buildings.

The corollary to this is the biggest disadvantage for the attacking force: that it can be seen and engaged by the defenders at will. Urban defenders can hide in any of thousands of locations in the urban jungle. They can pick and choose which buildings, windows, alleyways, or sewer holes to hide in without any worry of being discovered. They can also choose the moment of contact by deciding when to attack the approaching force.